Domain specific c-Myc ubiquitylation controls c-Myc transcriptional and apoptotic activitys

Zhang Q, Spears E, Boone DN, Li Z, Gregory M, and Hann S.  Domain specific c-Myc ubiquitylation controls c-Myc transcriptional and apoptotic activitysPNAS. 2012; 110(3):978-83. PUBMED 23277542

The oncogenic transcription factor c-Myc causes transformation and tumorigenesis, but it can also induce apoptotic cell death. Although tumor suppressors are necessary for c-Myc to induce apoptosis, the pathways and mechanisms are unclear. To further understand how c-Myc switches from an oncogenic protein to an apoptotic protein, we examined the mechanism of p53-independent c-Myc-induced apoptosis. We show that the tumor suppressor protein ARF mediates this switch by inhibiting ubiquitylation of the c-Myc transcriptional domain (TD). Whereas TD ubiquitylation is critical for c-Myc canonical transcriptional activity and transformation, inhibition of ubiquitylation leads to the induction of the noncanonical c-Myc target gene, Egr1, which is essential for efficient c-Myc-induced p53-independent apoptosis. ARF inhibits the interaction of c-Myc with the E3 ubiquitin ligase Skp2. Overexpression of Skp2, which occurs in many human tumors, inhibits the recruitment of ARF to the Egr1 promoter, leading to inhibition of c-Myc-induced apoptosis. Therapeutic strategies could be developed to activate this intrinsic apoptotic activity of c-Myc to inhibit tumorigenesis.

Publication Year: 
2012
Faculty Author: 
Publication Credits: 
Zhang Q, Spears E, Boone DN, Li Z, Gregory M, and Hann S
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