Gregory Cooper, MD, PhD

Research Interests: 
  • Application of decision theory, probability theory, Bayesian statistics, and artificial intelligence to biomedical informatics research problems 
  • Causal modeling and discovery from clinical and high-throughput molecular data
  • Computer-aided medical diagnosis and prediction
  • Machine-learning approaches to improving patient safety
  • Biosurveillance of disease outbreaks
Professor, Department of Biomedical Informatics and of Intelligent Systems
Vice Chairman, Department of Biomedical Informatics
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Publications: 

King AJ, Hochheiser H, Visweswaran S, Clermont G, Cooper GF. Eye-tracking for Clinical Decision Support: A Method to Capture Automatically What Physicians Are Viewing in the EMR. AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc. 2017 Jul 26;2017:512-521. eCollection 2017. PMID: 28815151. PMCID: PMC5543363.

Ferraro JP, Ye Y, Gesteland PH, Haug PJ, Tsui F-C, Cooper GF, Van Bree R, Ginter T, Nowalk AJ, Wagner MM. The effects of natural language processing on cross-institutional portability of influenza case detection for disease surveillance. Appl Clin Inform. 2017 May 31;8(2):560-580. doi:10.4338/ACI-2016-12-RA-0211. PubMed PMID: 28561130.

Ye Y, Wagner MM, Cooper GF, Ferraro JP, Su H, Gesteland PH, Haug PJ, Millett NE, Aronis JM, Nowalk AJ, Ruiz VM, López Pineda A, Shi L, Van Bree R, Ginter T, Tsui F. A study of the transferability of influenza case detection systems between two large healthcare systems. PLoS One. 2017 Apr 5;12(4):e0174970. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174970. eCollection 2017. PMID: 28380048 PMCID: PMC5381795

Ding MQ, Chen L, Cooper GF, Young JD, Lu X. Precision Oncology Beyond Targeted Therapy: Combining Omics Data with Machine Learning Matches the Majority of Cancer Cells to Effective Therapeutics. Mol Cancer Res. 2017 Nov 13. pii: molcanres.0378.2017. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-17-0378. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29133589

Tsui F, Ye Y, Ruiz V, Cooper GF, Wagner MM. Automated influenza case detection for public health surveillance and clinical diagnosis using dynamic influenza prevalence method. J Public Health (Oxf). 2017 Oct 20:1-8. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx141. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 29059331.

Lu S, Cai C, Yan G, Zhou Z, Wan Y, Chen V, Chen L, Cooper GF, Obeid LM, Hannun YA, Lee AV, Lu X. Signal-Oriented Pathway Analyses Reveal a Signaling Complex as a Synthetic Lethal Target for p53 Mutations. Cancer Res. 206 Dec 1:76(23):6785-6794. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-1740. Epub 2016 Oct 10. PMID: 27758891. PMCID: PMC5165695.

Naeini Pakdaman M, Cooper GF. Binary classifier calibration using an ensemble of linear trend estimation. In: Proceedings of the 2016 SIAM International Conference on Data Mining (2016) May;2016:261-269. doi: 10:1137/1.9781611974348.30.  PMID: 28357159 PMCID: PMC5367639

Hill SM, et al. Inferring causal molecular networks: Empirical assessment through a community-based effort. Nature Methods (2016) Apr; 13(4):310-318. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.3773. PMID: 26901648 PMCID: PMC4854847

Naeini Pakdaman M, Cooper GF. Binary classifier calibration using an ensemble of near isotonic regression models. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (2016) Dec;2016:360-369.  doi: 10.1109/ICDM.2016.0047  PMID: 28316511 PMCID: PMC5351887

Hauskrecht M, Batal I, Hong C, Nguyen Q, Cooper GF, Visweswaran S, Clermont G. Outlier-based detection of unusual patient-management actions: An ICU study. Journal of Biomedical Informatics (2016) Oct 5  pii: S1532-0464(16)30135-6. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2016.10.002. PMID: 27720983. PMCID: PMC5207478.

Cooper GF, Bahar I, Becich MJ, Benos PV, Berg J, Espino JU, Jacobson RC, Kienholz M, Lee AV, Lu X, Scheines R, Center for Causal Discovery team. The Center for causal discovery of biomedical knowledge from Big Data. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Nov;22(6): 1132-6. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocv059. Epub 2015 Jul 2.  PMID: 26138794. PMCID: PMC5009908.

Visweswaran S, Ferreira A, Cooper GF. Personalized modeling for prediction with decision-path models. PLoS One. 2015 Jun 22;10(6):e0131022 PMID: 26098570 PMCID: PMC4476684.

Cooper GF, Villamarin R, Rich Tsui FC, Millett N, Espino JU, Wagner MM. A method for detecting and characterizing outbreaks of infectious disease from clinical reports. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Feb; 53:15-26.  doi: 10.1016/j.jbi.2014.08.011. Epub 2014 Aug 30.  PMID: 25181466. PMCID: PMC4441330.

López Pineda A, Ye Y, Visweswaran S, Cooper GF, Wagner MM, Tsui FR. Comparison of Machine Learning Classifiers for Influenza Detection from Emergency Department Free-text Reports. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Dec;58:60-69. doi: 10.1016/j.jbi.2015.08.019. Epub 2015 Sep 16. PMID: 26385375. PMCID: PMC4684714.

Sverchkov Y, Cooper GF. A Bayesian approach for identifying multivariate differences between groups. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Intelligent Data Analysis (2015). Adv Intell Data Anal. 2015 Oct;9385:275-285. Epub 2015 Nov 22.  PMCID: 27069983 PMCID: PMC4825814

King AJ, Cooper GF, Hochheiser H, Clermont G. Development and preliminary evaluation of a prototype of a learning electronic medical record system. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2015 Nov 5;2015:1967-75. eCollection 2015. PMID: 26958296 PMCID: PMC4765593.

Balasubramanian JB, Cooper GF, Visweswaran SGopalakrishnan V. Selective Model Averaging with Bayesian Rule Learning for Predictive Biomedicine. Proceedings of the AMIA 2014 Joint Summits in Translational Science (In Press); April 2014; San Francisco, CA, USA2014.

Jiang X, Cai B, Xue D, Lu X, Cooper GF, Neapolitan RE. A comparative analysis of methods for predicting clinical outcomes using high-dimensional genomic datasets. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association (2014). Oct;21(e2):e312-9. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2013-002358. Epub 2014 Apr 15. PMID: 24737607. PMC4173174.

Pineda AL, Tsui FC, Visweswaran S, Cooper GF. (2013). Detection of Patients with Influenza Syndrome Using Machine-Learning Models Learned from Emergency Department Reports. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 5(1), e41.

Montefusco DJ, Chen L, Matmati N, Lu S, Newcomb B, Cooper GF, Hannun YA, Lu X. Distinct signaling roles of ceramide species in yeast revealed through systematic perturbation and systems biology analyses. Sci Signal. 2013 Oct 29;6(299): rs14. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2004515. PMID: 24170935. PMC3974757.

Sverchkov Y, Visweswaran S, Clermont G, Hauskrecht M, Cooper GF. A multivariate probabilistic method for comparing two clinical datasets. In: Proceedings of the ACM International Health Informatics Symposium (2012) 795-800.

Jiang X, Neapolitan RE, Barmada M, Visweswaran S, Cooper GF. A fast algorithm for learning epistatic genomic relationships. In: Proceedings of the Annual Symposium of the American Medical Informatics Association (2010) 341-345. PMID: 21346997. PMC3041370.

Jiang X, Cooper GF. Modeling the Temporal Trend of the Daily Severity of an Outbreak using Bayesian Networks. In: Holmes DE, Jain LC, editors. Innovations in Bayesian Networks of Studies in Computational Intelligence. NY: Springer-Verlag, 2008.

Cooper GF.  A diagnostic method that uses causal knowledge and linear programming in the application of Bayes' formula. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 22 (1986) 223–237. PMID: 3519071

 

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